How to grow a rose from a cutting. Notwithstanding their notoriety for just being difficult to produce and propagate, most roses are easy to grow and reproduce at home.
How to grow a rose from a cutting
To propagate” simply means effortlessly replicating a plant from a cutting. Unlike seeds, which generate entirely separate plants, established cuttings produce identical copies of their parents.
You don’t need to be an expert rosarian to recreate priceless keepsakes or beloved garden roses.
Understanding Rose Cuttings
Cuttings are merely sections of mature rose stems collected at various stages of development.
Some plants are picky about which cuttings they will accept, but roses are more forgiving. Rose cuttings can be ordered at three stages of growth of the previous year’s fresh stems.
- Softwood cuttings are obtained in early springtime and early summers when pliable new branches are beginning to mature and are the quickest and easiest to root. The highest quality softwood cuttings originate from pencil-sized stems beneath rose blossoms that have lost their petals.
- When fresh stems have fully developed, semi-hardwood cutting is obtained in late summer and early fall. Rosehips may have formed where blooms previously bloomed on the stiff stalks by this time.
- Hardwood cuttings are obtained in late fall or early winter, after the year’s fresh stems have grown, stiffened, and undergone hibernation and are the slowest and most difficult to root.
Taking Cuttings From Roses
Weather, other factors can influence when softwood is ready for cutting, and producing zones in the south differ significantly from those in the north.
During the morning hours, when the plants are fully hydrated, take rose cuttings from vigorous, healthy plants. Follow these easy steps to get started:
- Between a withered bloom and the rose’s woody base, choose a stem or stems. Several cuttings can be made from a single branch.
- Remove the bloom as well as the stem tip. Cut at a 45-degree angle just above the first set of leaves at the top of the stem and again just above the last leaves at the bottom. Immediately immerse cut branches in the water.
- Cut each stem into 6- to 8-inch lengths, with four “nodes” (where leaves develop on stems) on each cutting.
- Always keep the cuttings wet.
- All but one set of leaves at the top of each cutting should be removed.
- This aids in rooting cuttings and allows you to track their progress.
Caring for New Rose Cuttings
Maintain your cuttings covered and moist as they take root. A basic DIY tiny greenhouse works well in a garden bed.
Simply wrap the cutting with a bell jar, a garden cloche, or an inverted mason jar. It also works with a clear plastic bottle with the bottom cut out and the cap removed.
Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged by watering it regularly. Inside your little hothouse, the temperature will be high. As necessary, mist and water your cuttings to keep them nourished and the soil moist.
If the cuttings are in containers, add a few ornamental twigs to the edge for support and cover with a clear plastic bag. Ensure the plastic does not touch the clippings.
Rose cuttings obtained from a rose bush that you want to grow more of are one technique to reproduce roses.
Keep in mind that some rose bushes may still be protected by patent rights and should only be propagated by the patent holder. Continue reading to learn how to root roses.